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English version of VDA dictionary


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R

Risk

Possibility that an event will occur resulting in human or material loses or damages, or jeopardising the achievement of an objective. When considering a risk, such matters as the likelihood of the occurrence of an event resulting in damages or loses are considered, as well as timely identification and expected extent of the damages. The risks associated with software design are significant project or process risks that shall be monitored, assessed and controlled in duration of the project.

Risk estimation/management

Risks shall be forecasted and estimated (based on the likelihood of the occurrence and extent of damages, often expressed in possible costs). Technical, economical, political and social/cultural risks are assessed. It is important to try avoiding risks, minimise them or a decision needs to be made as to which risks are acceptable. Methods such as FMEA or checklists are used to do that.

Root cause (causes)

Root cause is a cause that upon repeated questioning: “Why did the nonconformity/unexpected event occur?” leads to no other lower-level structure; it is often perceived as the “root” of nonconformity (fault).

Run@rate

Reference to a VDA publication (if the definition is specific to a particular publication, different from it, or complementary to an applicable standard): Robust manufacturing process.

S

Sample

Tangible unit subject to quality check for specific reasons, or crucial to quality checks.

SCR

Reference to a VDA publication (if the definition is specific to a particular publication, different from it, or complementary to an applicable standard): Minimum requirements for the management system in AdBlue® production and distribution chain.

Sensitivity of evidence

Lower limit of detectability.

Series production

Repeated production of a product of the same type and make.

Series production verification report

Reference to a VDA publication (if the definition is specific to a particular publication, different from it, or complementary to an applicable standard): VDA volume 7 (CD ROM) .

Series tests

Reference to a VDA publication (if the definition is specific to a particular publication, different from it, or complementary to an applicable standard): VDA volume 7 (CD ROM) .

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