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English version of VDA dictionary

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Morphological boxes

Systematic method of raising ideas. A solution to a problem may be found by dividing the problem into individual aspects that can consequently be changed. Through various random combinations numerous new solutions arise so that the likelihood of achieving a potential optimum increases. On the other hand, rush solutions result in prompt identification of a problem.


The term “motivation” stands for the readiness of employees to perform. Quality awareness is reflected in the way individual employees approach quality issues in the area of interest.

Muda/ Mura/ Muri

Key elements of improvement (part of the Toyota Production Systems), the equivalent to English waste/unevenness/overburden.


Action to eliminate a detected nonconformity.

Testing tools

Reference to a VDA publication (if the definition is specific to a particular publication, different from it, or complementary to an applicable standard): VDA volume 13 .


Non-fulfillment of a requirement related to an intended or specified use.

0-km failure

These are failures that occur with the OEM upon delivery, installation or final check.


Confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that the requirements for a specific intended use or application have been fulfilled.

Awareness (in the context of the publication)

Knowledge and experience of an organisation regarding products and processes, such as product qualities and functions, production design/development process, methods and standards.

Lead assessor

Leader of an assessment team that is responsible for a proper and standard-compliant assessment and accuracy of results. A minimum qualification is defined (“Competent Assessor”).

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